Interesting Arizona Facts and Trivia

Arizona became the 48th state on February 14, 1912.

Arizona is the 6th largest state, encompassing 114,000 square miles. It's about 340 miles wide and 400 miles in length.

The population of Arizona is almost 5 million. The capital city of Phoenix is the 7th largest in the nation with about 1.2 million residents.

The new Cardinals Stadium in Glendale is the first in North America to combine a retractable roof and a mobile grass playing field. The natural grass field lies on top of a 234-by-400-foot movable tray that usually sits outside, enjoying sunlight and rain. On game days, the tray moves into the stadium, taking about 45 minutes to make the journey.

The Phoenix airport, called Sky Harbor International Airport, is the sixth busiest airport in the country.

South Mountain Park in Phoenix covers more than 20,000 acres, making it the largest city park in the world.

Since elevations in Arizona range from 70 feet on the Colorado River to 12,633 feet on Humphreys Peak, it is possible for the coldest or hottest temperature in the United States to be recorded in Arizona.

The hottest temperature in Arizona was 128 degrees, recorded in Lake Havasu City on June 29, 1994.

The coldest temperature in Arizona was -40 degrees, recorded at Hawley Lake on January 7, 1971.

The hottest recorded day in Phoenix was June 26, 1990, when the temperature hit 122 degrees.

The Four Peaks area of the Mazatzal Mountains, near Fountain Hills, is known for producing top-quality amethysts.

The amount of copper on the roof of the Capitol building in Phoenix is equivalent to 4,800,000 pennies.

A fountain believed to be the tallest in the world is located in Fountain Hills, Arizona.

Rising to a height of 12,643 feet, Mount Humphreys north of Flagstaff is the state's highest mountain.

The amount of copper on the roof of the Capitol building is equivalent to 4,800,000 pennies.

There are 11.2 million acres of National Forest in Arizona and one fourth of the state is forested. The largest forest is comprised of Ponderosa Pine.

Gold was discovered on the Gila River in Arizona in 1858.

It is unlawful to refuse a person a glass of water in Arizona.

The age of a Saguaro cactus is determined by its height.

It takes 50-100 years before a saguaro cactus grows an arm.

Nearly 30,000 acres, White Tank Mountain Regional Park is Maricopa County's largest regional park.

Spanish conquistador Lopez de Cardenas discovered the Grand Canyon in 1540.

The Grand Canyon is 227 miles long, 1 mile deep, and has an average width of 10 miles.

Navajo Community College in Tsaile, was the first college on an Indian reservation.

In 1974, two young cave explorers in the Whetstone Mountains felt air coming out of a ground crack and crawled inside. What they found is now known as Kartchner Caverns State Park, featuring extraordinary colors and rock formations. They explored for four years before telling anyone of their discovery.

A 39 foot tall kachina statue built 40 years ago near Carefree, Arizona is one of the world's tallest.

Major John Wesley Powell became the first American to explore the Grand Canyon by boat in 1869.

The Castilian and Burgundian flags of Spain, the Mexican flag, the Confederate flag, and the flag of the United States have all flown over the land area that has become Arizona.

In 1926, the Southern Pacific Railroad connected Arizona with the eastern states.

The largest freshwater striped bass caught in Arizona was at Bullhead City and weighed 59 pounds 12 ounces.

Arizona's first spring training baseball game took place in Phoenix on March 26, 1929, when the Detroit Tigers played an exhibition game against the Pittsburgh Pirates.

Arizona observes Mountain Standard Time on a year round basis, never observing daylight savings time.

The Hubbell Trading Post at Ganado, Arizona has been continuously operating on the Navajo Reservation since 1878.

Kingman, Arizona is home to the longest stretch (about 158 miles) of old U.S. Route 66 still in existence.

Arizona is roughly the size of Italy.

Mail going to Supai, below the south rim of the Grand Canyon, still moves by mule train. The mule train makes the 8 mile, three- to five-hour trip five days a week, typically carrying a ton of mail that including letters, food, supplies, and furniture.

The sun shines in southern Arizona 85% of the time, which is considerably more sunshine than Florida or Hawaii.

More than 35 movies, many of them westerns, have been filmed in Monument Valley, Arizona, featuring its stunning sandstone formations. Titles include How the West Was Won, Stagecoach, Eiger Sanction, Forrest Gump, Back to the Future II and III, and scenes from 2001: A Space Odyssey.

Grand Canyon National Park was founded in 1919.

Tonto Natural Bridge near Payson, Arizona is considered the world's largest natural bridge formed of travertine. The 400-foot-long, 183 foot high bridge above Pine Creek was discovered in 1877.

Camels were used at one time to transport goods across Arizona.

At 90 feet across, the 45-year-old sundial in Carefree, Arizona is one of the world's largest.

Arizona's most recent volcanic eruption took place around A.D. 1064, creating Sunset Crater near Flagstaff.

Among all the states, Arizona has the largest percentage of its land designated as Indian lands.

Arizona is one of the Four Corner States, noted as the spot in the United States where a person can stand in four states at the same time.

The original London Bridge was shipped stone-by-stone and reconstructed in Lake Havasu City, Arizona.

Arizona is home to more kinds of rattlesnakes than any other state, having 11 of the known 33 species.

Meteor Crater, located in northern Arizona's grasslands, is one of the planet's best preserved impact craters.

Skydive Arizona, in Eloy midway between Phoenix and Tucson, is the world's largest skydiving center.

Arcosanti, an experimental town in the high desert 70 miles north of Phoenix, was founded in 1970 as a demonstration of architect Paolo Soleri's concept of arcology, which combines architecture and ecology to reduce urban sprawl.

You could receive a 25 year prison sentence for cutting down a cactus.

The road that leads up Mount Lemmon, in the Santa Catalina Mountains near Tucson, passes through five of North America's seven life zones in just 27 miles to an elevation of 9,157 feet.

The nation's largest and oldest known white rose bush grows in Tombstone, Arizona, where its branches cover more than 8,000 square feet and blooms in April. It's believed that it was planted by a Scottish settler named Mary Gee in 1855.

Arizona has more parks and national monuments than any other state, more mountains than Switzerland, and more golf courses than Scotland.

Pluto was discovered by Clyde Tombaugh at Lowell Observatory in Flagstaff, Arizona in 1930.

Arizona's most abundant mineral is copper.

Old Oraibi in Arizona has been continually inhabited since the 12th century, making it the oldest town in the United States.

Arizona became the home of the first major irrigation project by the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation when former U.S. president Theodore Roosevelt dedicated a dam on the Salt River in 1911.

The Apache trout fish is found only in Arizona.

The Ramsey Canyon Preserve near Sierra Vista, Arizona is home to 14 species of hummingbirds.

Native Americans in Arizona obtained the right to vote in 1948.

Arizona's only Civil War battle took place in Picacho Pass, which runs between Picacho Peak and the Picacho Mountains near the town of the same name in April 1862.

Humphreys Peak is the state's highest point at 12,633 feet above sea level.

The lowest point is 70 feet above sea level at the Colorado River near Yuma.

Since 1928, a 16-foot-high, 60-ton boulder along U.S. Highway 89 north of Congress, Arizona has been painted to resemble a huge green frog.

The famous gunfight at the O.K. Corral in Tombstone, Arizona took place on October 26, 1881.

Flagstaff, Arizona is one of the snowiest cities in the United States, with an average annual accumulation of 109.8 inches.

The world's largest telescope is at the Kitt Peak National Observatory, Arizona.

The Arizona Diamondbacks defeated the New York Yankees to win the World Series in 2001.

In World War II, many Navajos enlisted as secret agents. Our enemies could never understand the Navajo language to learn our military secrets.

Thirteen other states have a city named Phoenix. They are Colorado, Georgia, Illinois, Louisiana, Maryland, Michigan, Mississippi, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Oregon, South Carolina, and Texas.


State Bird: Cactus Wren

State Mammal: Ringtail

State Fish: Arizona Trout

State Amphibian: Arizona Treefrog

State Flower: Saguro Cactus Blossom

State Tree: Palo Verde

State Gem: Turquoise

State Fossil: Petrified Wood

State Song: The Arizona March Song

State Colors: Blue and Old Gold

State Reptile: Arizona Ridgenose Rattlesnake

State Neckwear: The Bola Tie

State Motto: "God Enriches"

Origin of State Name: The name is derived from the Native American word arizonac believed to mean "place of the small spring."

Nickname for State: The Grand Canyon State

Nickname for residents: Arizonans

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